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A-English (ENA)

Sequence of completion

Courses are completed in the numerical order, i.e. compulsory courses before specialization courses. Exceptions to the rule are the school-based specialization courses, which can be placed in the same period with other English courses. Course 9 is recommended for first-year students with a grade lower than 8 in English. This course should be completed in the first period of the student's upper secondary studies. ENA8 must be completed just before taking the matriculation exam.


ENA 1 Young people and their world
The course reviews the basics of grammar and vocabulary studied in basic education. Vocabulary and structures are reinforced, according to students' needs. The topics are related to everyday life and relationships and the language used is colloquial and informal. Written assignments are also informal. Discussion, expressing opinions and key strategies of oral communication are focused on. Evaluated with a number grade.

ENA 2 Communication and leisure
Communication is further reinforced on this course and the command of structures is expanded. The topics are related to leisure time, interests and the services used in connection with these. The awareness of English culture is reinforced. The command of oral communication strategies is enhanced, and writing is also practiced by means of communicative assignments. Evaluated with a number grade.

ENA 3 Study and work
The themes of the course are related to studies and working life. Due to these more general topics, texts are more formal than before. Both oral and written assignments are related to the above themes; students write a job application and a CV, for example. Evaluated with a number grade.

ENA 4 Society and the surrounding world
The course places emphasis on speaking and reading comprehension at a relatively demanding level. Texts are related to Finnish society and those of target countries. Texts are longer, which calls for practicing various strategies for reading comprehension. Written expression is practiced by writing texts suitable for different purposes. Evaluated with a number grade.

ENA 5 Culture
The course deals with culture in a broad sense. Students research cultural topics of their own choice, write projects on them and present their research. Example topics of research are: literature, music, visual art, movies, theatre and dance. The course may be assessed as a portfolio. Evaluated with a number grade.

ENA 6 Science, economy and technology
The course places emphasis on demanding language use. The topics include different branches of science, technological achievements, economy and different forms of communication. Students continue to practice reading comprehension strategies and polish their written expression by writing texts suitable for specific purposes. Evaluated with a number grade.


ENA 7 Nature and sustainable development
The course provides students with capabilities to understand and use language relating to nature, the natural sciences and the theme of sustainable development. When handling the texts, different approaches and methods are used, and environmental phenomena are discussed from a global perspective. Basic grammar is reviewed and test types used in the matriculation exam are practiced. Evaluated with a number grade.

ENA 8 Oral Course
On this course we use diverse work methods, with which the students' linguistic competence is trained. The student is guided to pay attention to the differences between their first language and the language they are studying. Studying is done primarily in pairs and in small groups. Fluency and communication methods are trained with discussion and small oral presentations. About 2/3 of the course consists of oral exercises and about 1/3 about the oral course exam.

The number of students on the course is limited to a maximum of 20 students (the duration of the oral exam is ca. 30 min/ student pair). Evaluated with a number grade.


ENA 9 Globalisation and internationalisation/Abi-course
All the compulsory courses must be completed prior to this course. Its objective is to prepare students for the matriculation exam. The topics include: global development trends, current affairs and topics related to different world views. The command of vocabulary is reinforced and structures are revised. A variety of listening, reading and writing assignments preparing students for the matriculation exam are focused on. Evaluated with a number grade. A 4 will not count towards the 75 courses.

ENA 10 The AS level text appreciation and creative writing course

The course is based on the international Cambridge AS level curriculum. Different types of texts are studied and students learn to comment and appreciate in writing. Different styles of writing are also practiced and students produce many creative pieces of writing. Evaluated with a number grade. A 4 will not count towards the 75 courses.

ENA 11 Literature Course

Students read and analyse three English novels. The course is given partly as contact hours in class and partly as an online or Google Classroom course. Students read the novels in their own time and then discuss and analyse the texts in groups during contact hours. The reading list is announced in the first meeting. Course evaluation is based on three literature essays, one essay per novel. Grading: Completed.

ENA 16 News Watch

The course introduces students to a variety of current news from the perspective of  e.g. British, American and Australian media. The emphasis of the course is on comprehension and discussion. Students read newspaper and online articles, watch news clips and listen to radio broadcasts. They compare the news items and different media (television, traditional newspapers, the internet and the wireless). In addition, students analyse how the geographical location and political alignment affect the news and the reporting. Grading: Completed.

ENA17 International Court of Justice

The aim of the course is to provide students with the basic facts about the International Court of Justice and about its functioning, such as its jurisdiction. The focus is on simulating the International Court of Justice via actual court cases. Students get to exercise acting both as judges and lawyers. The course is a joint history and English school-based specialisation course. The course is taught in English. Evaluation is based entirely on being active in class. Grading: Completed.